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World Population Day

World Population Day date is on 11 July,

World Population Day is an annual event, observed on July 11, which seeks to raise awareness of global population issues. The event was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989. It was inspired by the public interest in Five Billion Day on July 11, 1987, approximately the date on which the world's population reached five billion people.

What do people do?

World Population Day aims to increase people’s awareness on various population issues such as the importance of family planning, including gender equality, poverty, maternal health and human rights. The day is celebrated worldwide by business groups, community organizations and individuals in many ways. Activities include seminar discussions, educational information sessions and essay competitions.

Public life

World Population Day is a global observance and not a public holiday.


In 1968 world leaders proclaimed that individuals had a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly the number and timing of their children. About 40 years later modern contraception remains out of reach for millions of women, men and young people. World Population Day was instituted in 1989 as an outgrowth of the Day of Five Billion, marked on July 11, 1987. The UN authorized the event as a vehicle to build an awareness of population issues and the impact they have on development and the environment.

Since then, with the United Nations Population Fund's (UNFPA) encouragement, governments, non-governmental organizations, institutions and individuals organize various educational activities to celebrate the annual event.


The UN logo is often associated with marketing and promotional material for this event. It features a projection of a world map (less Antarctica) centered on the North Pole, enclosed by olive branches. The olive branches symbolize peace and the world map represents all the people of the world. It has been featured in colors such as blue against a yellow background.

The 16 countries with the largest total population:

Rank Country / Territory Population Date  % of world
1 People's Republic of China 1,338,440,000 July 4, 2010 19.59% Chinese Official Population Clock
2 India 1,182,760,000 July 4, 2010 17.31% Indian Official Population Clock
3 United States 309,651,000 July 4, 2010 4.53% United States Official Population Clock
4 Indonesia 231,369,500 3.39% Statistics Indonesia
5 Brazil 193,147,000 July 4, 2010 2.83% Brazilian Official Population Clock
6  Pakistan 169,920,000 July 4, 2010 2.49% Official Pakistani Population clock
7 Bangladesh 162,221,000 2009 2.37% UN estimate
8 Nigeria 154,729,000 2.27% UN estimate
9 Russia 141,927,297 January 1, 2010 2.08% Federal State Statistics Service of Russia
10  Japan 127,530,000 December 1, 2009 1.87% Official Japan Statistics Bureau
11 Mexico 107,550,697 1.57% INEGI estimate

National Population Statistics of Mexico[45]

12 Philippines 92,226,600 Mid-2009 1.35%

National Statistics Office medium projection

13 Vietnam 85,789,573 April 1, 2009 1.26% Preliminary 2009 census results
14 Germany 81,882,342 March 31, 2009 1.2% Federal Statistical Office
15 Ethiopia 79,221,000 July 2008 1.16%

Ethiopia Central Statistics Agency

16 Egypt 78,455,000 July 4, 2010 1.15% Official Egyptian Population clock

Projected Population

Year   India   China   World
2009   1,160,813,000   1,338,612,968   6,786,743,939
2012   1,208,116,000   1,366,205,049   7,028,369,002
2015   1,254,019,000   1,393,417,233   7,269,526,256
2020   1,326,155,000   1,430,532,735   7,659,291,953
2025   1,388,994,000   1,453,123,817   8,027,490,191
2050   1,807,878,574   1,424,161,948   9,538,988,263
Sources : National Commission on Population Govt. of India and U.S Census Bureau, International Database.


World Population Day 2010: Everyone Counts

Counting everyone is an integral part of ensuring that we take everyone into account. Good demographic data is critical for planning schools, health systems and public transportation, for designing policies based on future population projections, for monitoring the effectiveness of service delivery and much more.

This year World Population Day highlights the importance of data for development. The focus is on the 2010 round of the population and housing census, data analysis for development and UNFPA’s lead role in population and development.

Reliable data makes a difference, and the key is to collect, analyze and disseminate data in a way that drives good decision making. The numbers that emerge from data collection can illuminate important trends. What striking situation does research reveal in your country? What do the numbers tell you about progress toward meeting the MDGs? Are certain groups getting left behind?

World Population Day 2010 World Population Day 2010

2009 : Fight Poverty:Educate Girls
2008 : Plan Your Family, Plan Your Future
2007 : Men at Work
2006 : Being Young is Tough
2005 : Equality Empowers
2004: ICPD at 10
2003 : 1,000,000,000 adolescents